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Parapsychology is the scientific study of paranormal phenomena such as telepathy, clairvoyance, and psychokinesis. Such things were previously thought to be something left only for the imagination – something only possible in fictional movies and books. However, recently the realm of the paranormal is becoming more and more “normal” to the general public and is rarely up for debate in the scientific community that studies it. Most paranormal phenomena can be categorized in terms of whether they are primarily mental or physical. Though at times these distinctions can be hindered do to occurrences where the phenomena may have both mental and physical attributes.

The term used to describe these abilities is “psi”. Psi is the 23rd letter in the Greek alphabet and is typically used in an equation by scientists to symbolize an “unexplained” factor or factors. Consequently, the mysteries of the paranormal seemed to be appropriately named: “psionics” and the practitioners: “psions”. To go deeper into the history of paranormal study we begin our journey in Russia. Russia originally began studies for use in the military. They devised a method entitled “Remote Viewing” (RV), in which the viewer would follow a specific protocol which allowed the viewer to transfer accurate information from the viewer’s unconscious mind into the conscious awareness.

The data was then converted into words or sketches using pen and paper. Remote Viewing allowed viewers to remotely view a target, regardless of distance or time, using means other than physical sight. Originally the Russians believed that these paranormal feats were performed using a human’s electromagnetic field and somehow manipulating it. This theory, however, has been disproved because the remote viewer was able to view targets regardless of distance, lead or concrete walls, large amounts of dirt, or a faraday cage – all things that block electromagnetism. Later in time, the United States took on the quest of practicing Remote Viewing under the project “Stargate”.

Experiencing similar results, Remote Viewing gained more and more protocols, names, and methods. With all of this, RV became more and more successful. Remote Viewers began to describe targets with pinpoint accuracy, regardless of location and/or time. The basic protocol of CRV (Coordinate/Controlled Remote Viewing) involved a Remote Viewer and one other person. The other person would give the viewer completely random coordinates (i.e. 392-290) and the viewer would focus on these coordinates, writing down any adjectives and descriptions that came to them (i.e. round, circular, wet, cold, large obstruction towards the top, etc.).

After this, the description would be assessed and a picture would be formed; one that often was quite accurate. Later, after the Freedom of Information Act, the USA revealed the Stargate Program. RV was soon deemed unusable to the government, and thought to be a waste of funding. As a result, the project quickly ran out of funding and fell apart, due to various complicated factors. After this, various independent research facilities began testing something that was later entitled “micro-psychokinesis” (micro-pk). This basically meant psychokinesis (pk) on a microscopic level – affecting chance. Originally practiced using dice rolls, they later, after the invention of the computer, began using random number generators (RNG) and random event generators (REG). The machine would display numbers or lights at random and the subjects would attempt to mentally influence the distribution of these numbers and lights. Regardless of distance or time, the user was able to affect the odds created by the computer and the outcome of dice rolls substantially. PK was also studied by many other scientists and researchers.

The Rhine institute has been operational since its founder Joseph Banks Rhine founded it in 1962. When Joseph started this organization, he titled it Foundation for Research on the Nature of Man (FRNM) which in 1995 was changed to the Rhine Research Center Institute for Parapsychology in honor of the 100th anniversary of J. B. Rhine’s birth. His research alone made a permanent mark on the research of psychic functioning and is still regarded as hard evidence. He died in 1980. Before his death, J.B. Rhine spent many years scientifically testing psychic functioning which included Psychokinesis (PK). The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Lab (PEAR) was established at Princeton University in 1979 by Robert G. Jahn. PEAR spent several years providing solid scientific support for PK functioning as well as other psychic functioning.

Nina Kulagina was a Russian woman who actively participated in Psychokinesis (PK) experiments and studies performed by the Soviet government. Nina is best known for her unbelievable PK skills. Throughout several years of studies and experiments performed by Soviet scientist, Nina alone supplied scientist with factual and tested data on Psychokinesis (PK). Robert Jahn of Princeton University and Helmust Schmidt at Boeing Research Labs in Seattle are both scientists who performed hundreds of thousands of tests, and both yielded statistically significant results pointing to the existence of paranormal ability. Experiments also included telepathy and various other “abilities”. Many experiments were ganzfeld experiments. Ganzfeld (German for “whole field”) experiments are a series of parapsychology experiments in which participants are placed in visual and auditory sensory deprivation. This was to eliminate physical influence to achieve superior psi results. Many tests included telepathy experiments ranging from sending a complex thought to sending a simple color. Many of these experiments yielded astounding results as well.

The largest factor in these experiments seemed, again, not to be distance or time, but to be expectation. Even participants with little experience were able to have astounding results if they had the strong expectation that they would be successful. Psi is seen to operate purely on a conscious level, which agrees with the idea of a model of a physical and nonphysical (conscious) world. For example, in RV experiments, the viewer is given random coordinates. Regardless of the direction he faces or the distance of the target, he is able to locate the target and accurately describe it. He needs not know where it is or face in that direction; he simply needs a “conscious link” to the target. A book entitled “The Conscious Universe” by Dean Radin discusses the hundreds of studies pointing the existence of the paranormal.

Although there is heaping amounts of evidence pointing to its existence, science has been unable to explain the phenomena. Recently, however, physicist Amit Goswami has unveiled, in his book “The Self-Aware Universe”, some astounding studies on quantum physics that may lead to an explanation of psi that agrees with the theory of a nonphysical and conceptual world. He explains that in quantum physics, objects are not seen as definite things. Instead, objects are possibilities, viewed as something called “possibility waves”. Because of this, he poses the question, “What converts possibility into actuality?” He goes on to say, “Because, when we see, we only see actual events.

That’s starting with us. When you see a chair, you see an actual chair, you don’t’ see a possible chair.” He goes on to explain the “quantum measurement paradox.” The paradox exists because technically, we should not be able to make the conversion between possibility and actuality. In the original materialist paradigm, humans do not have any causal efficacy. We are nothing but a brain, made up of atoms and elementary particles. Therefore, he again poses the question, “…how can a brain which is made up of atoms and elementary particles convert a possibility wave that it itself is?” The paradox exists because if the brain is made of possibility waves, how can it convert its own possibility wave into actuality?

Therefore, he and many other established physicists, have come to the conclusion that the “consciousness” makes this conversion. He goes on to explain that human consciousness is not material and is instead transcendent. As Mr. Goswami said in an interview, “It is consciousness, through the conversion of possibility into actuality, that creates what we see manifest.” He goes on to support this theory through arguably the biggest mystery in all of reality: entanglement. In an entanglement experiment performed by Alain Aspect, one atom shot off two quanta of light, one photon in opposite directions.

The photons affected one another’s behavior without exchanging any signals through space and time. They also did something physically impossible; they affected each other at infinite speed. Einstein previously stated that things must travels at a finite speed through space, the fastest speed being the speed of light. An infinite speed would be instantaneous. In Aspect’s experiment, the photons became “entangled” (as the phenomena were coined) and affected each other instantaneously. Whatever happened to one photon, happened to the other at the exact same time, regardless of location. This shows that the photons communicated through nonphysical means. Aspect’s experiment verified that transcendent potential is no longer theory – objects actually have connections outside of space and time.

This points to the existence of another reality: a physical world and a nonphysical world. In physics, scientists apply the same principles of quantum objects to the macroscopic world. This means that if humans can be viewed as quantum objects, humans can communicate through the transcendent world as well. This would explain amazing feats such as clairvoyance and telepathy – viewing things with one’s mind regardless of distance or time and communicating with another human being using ones mind rather than through physical means.

The study of parapsychology is still an ongoing one. Through the years to come we may
hopefully come to find new ways to test and further our knowledge of psi and its effects on our reality. As of now quantum physics is showing us amazing things that are only dreamt about, that mere thought affects our entire existence. From this point it is up to you to decide if you want to sit idly by and watch science and research pass you by, or if you want to be in the mix, discovering for yourself the true greatness that we as humans hold the right to possess.

Works cited:

1995 STARGATE PROGRAM Review: Utts, J. M. (1996) an Assessment of the Evidence for Psychic Functioning, Journal of Scientific Exploration, 10 (1), 3-30. † Also in Journal of Parapsychology, 59(4), 289-320. Hyman, R. (1996) Evaluation of Program on Anomalous Mental Phenomena Journal of Scientific Exploration 10(1), 31-58. Also in Journal of Parapsychology, 59(4), 321-352. Utts, J. M. (1996) Response to Ray† Hyman’s Report of September 11, 1995, “Evaluation of Program on Anomalous Mental Phenomena.”† Journal of Scientific Exploration 10(1), 59-61. Also in Journal of Parapsychology, 59(4), 353-356.

General Papers:

May, E. C., J. M. Utts and S. J. P Spottiswoode (1995). † Decision augmentation theory: Toward a model of anomalous mental phenomena. Journal of Parapsychology, 59(3), 195-220.http://www.rhine.org/ Bem, D. J., J. Palmer, R.S. Broughton (2001). Updating the Ganzfeld Database: A Victim of Its Own Success? Journal of Parapsychology, 65(3), 207-218. Amit Goswami (1995). The Self-Aware Universe: How Consciousness Creates the Material World

~Hech / Chris

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